"How to read a paper"
The classic, and required reading before you start reading research papers;"How to read a paper
"An Overview of Statistical Learning Theory"
Why? - To figure out where all this AI stuff come from
"A Mathematical Theory of Communication"
Why? - An inspirational paper for the basis on which the internet works, also well written and very simple to understand.
"A tutorial on hidden Markov models and selected applications in speech recognition"
Why? - Markov Chains nerd-sniped me in the same way state machines do, beautiful abstraction, and this is the bible.
"Elm: Concurrent FRP for Functional GUIs"
Why? - iOS, React or Android developer? The future of your platform was written in 2012, and has been hiding in plain sight since then. Sublime paper.
"Reflections on trusting trust"
Why? - If you aren't afraid enough of computers and how intertwined they are with critical function in the real world, I challenge you to read this paper and have the same outlook after